Alberto Nisman was found dead in his apartment in Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires on 19th January 2015. Nisman, a prosecutor, had recently accused President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner for covering up the AMIA’S attack of 1994. The AMIA’s bombing The AMIA’s bombing was an attack on the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA; Argentine Israelite Mutual Association) building, on 18th July 1994. It is still unknown who was responsible for this crime, which killed eighty five people and injured hundreds. After more than a decade of research on the case and many declarations, on 25th October 2006, Argentine Justice – represented by the prosecutors Alberto Nisman and Marcelo Martinez – formally accused Iran’s government for planning the attack and Hezbollah, a Shi’a Islamist militant group, for executing. Prosecutors said that Argentina was chosen as a target for many reasons. One of these was a government decision to take down an agreement on nuclear technology development with Iran. The attack on Argentina may also had been revenge for the actions of Carlos Menem whilst he was president. Other possible reasons include the betrayal of the Arabic community by the Government aligning with the USA, the destruction of Condor’s missile and Menem’s visit to Israel. Later on, Rodolfo Canicoba Corral, the judge, ordered the capture of the formal officials from Iran and the operative Lebanese member from Hezbollah accused by the prosecutors. However, Interpol (The International Criminal Police Organization) did not manage this. Argentine Justice remained adamant the attack was made by the Islamic movement from the Libyan Hezbollah with the economic and strategic support from Iran’s government. According to Argentinian Justice, the attack was perpetrated by Ibrahim Hussein Berno, an activist from Hezbollah. However, Hezbollah said that they are not guilty of this crime. In 2006, Argentina officially accused Iran’s government of the bombing and they ordered Interpol to catch the responsible former officials from Iran. In 2013, President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner and Iran’s president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, signed a memorandum to achieve an advance in determinative research that would decide if the activists from Iran were involved in the AMIA’s bombing. Nevertheless, the agreement approved by Congress was unconstitutional in Argentina, whilst it never was achieved in the Iranian Parliament. The memorandum could affect the request for international extradition that was already on its way; it also did not explain whether or not the interrogations had the legal support that could help in the cause. Nisman report
Nisman reported that Argentina’s Presient, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, and Hector Timerman, Councillor, had reached an agreement with Iran to protect those responsible. Nisman reported this because it is a crime to cover this up and does not complement the public work to prosecute the AMIA bombers. Through declarations in various interviews, the executive power has elaborated a framework to delete Iran from the case and to allow a new economic relationship between both countries. Argentina’s impact On the same day, the Argentinian people united to protest in the main squares of the country in order to show their unhappiness with the proceedings. At this time, there was shown true sadness in the streets, replacing the anger and discontentment with the government that is usually shown. The Argentinian people were fighting for the justice that they deserved but did not have. In its announcements, the Government wanted the public to believe that Nisman killed himself, but people created their own opinions, knowing not to take what the Government is saying as true. On the same day Nisman was due to display his research and report – on the President’s masking of the AMIA bombing – to congress, he was found dead. It is believed that the Government, or a group/person related to them, killed the prosecutor or they induced him to commit suicide. However, as Jorge Lanata says, “an induced suicide is the same as a murder.” Nisman’s report stated that the Government was on the terrorists’ side. This was the most important moment in the chronology of the AMIA bombing, explaining why his death came with great shock and has created a big impact in Argentine society. Currently, Justice is carrying out research and performing an autopsy of the body to know what really happened. Yet, people believes that we are never going to know the truth, mainly due to the fact that the Argentinians have already seen a number of suspicious murders related to their justice system, of which the truth still remains to be recovered. The other concern is that the people that should bring us information or answers about AMIA’s bombing are, in fact, generating more and more questions in the public about this unfinished case that happened in 1994. The Argentinians are not willing to lose hope and are still waiting and looking forward to answers.